Nyuserre Ini was a pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, the sixth ruler of the Fifth Dynasty during the Old Kingdom period. The younger son of Neferirkare Kakai and queen Khentkaus II and the brother of the short-lived king Neferefre, Nyuserre probably lived in the second half of the 25th century BCE and reigned for more than two decades. He was succeeded by Menkauhor Kaiu, who could have been his nephew and a son of Neferefre. Nyuserre built three pyramids for himself and his queens and completed a further three for his father, mother and brother, all in the necropolis of Abusir. His temple dedicated to the sun god Ra was named Shesepibre or "Joy of the heart of Ra"; it is the largest such temple that survives from the Old Kingdom. He also completed the Nekhenre, the Sun Temple of Userkaf in Abu Gorab, and the valley temple of Menkaure in the Giza necropolis. The state-sponsored funerary cult established at Nyuserre's death lasted until the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. (Full article...)
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Source: Wikimedia Commons.
- 1883 – The last known quagga (example pictured), a subspecies of the plains zebra, died at the Natura Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
- 1914 – World War I: Belgian troops were victorious at the Battle of Halen, but were ultimately unable to stop the German invasion of the country.
- 1945 – An official administrative history of the Manhattan Project, written by American physicist Henry DeWolf Smyth, was released just days after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
- 1969 – Riots erupted in the Bogside area of Derry and spread across much of Northern Ireland.
- 1990 – Near Faith, South Dakota, American paleontologist Sue Hendrickson found one of the most complete discovered skeletons of Tyrannosaurus rex.
- Age of Earth: ~ 4.568 billion years
- World Population: 7.3 billion (July 2015)
- Continents: 7 (Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia)
- Mean Radius: 6371.0 km
- Axial Tilt: 23,44°
Image Source: Wikipedia - License: Public Domain (thanks to NASA)
Our solar system consists of
1 star (Sun) and 8 planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune).
- 1 AU (astronomical unit) is roughly the distance between Earth and the Sun (about 150 million kilometres).
- The space probe Voyager 1 was launched by the NASA in 1977 and is meanwhile (autumn 2015) about 133 AU away from Earth.